1) What is the Puck made of?

The puck is made of vulcanized rubber and is 3″ in diameter and 1″ thick, weighing about 6oz. It is frozen before play to make it less bouncy.

2) How fast does the puck travel?

Some of the games hardest shooters send the puck towards the net in excess of 90mph, with the elite shooter’s topping over 100mph.

So keep your eye on the puck as much as you can!

3) What is the off-side rule?

In brief, no attacking player must cross the blue line of the offensive zone before the puck; otherwise off-side is called.

4) Why do netminders come out in front of the net?

Usually when a netminder leaves the area immediately in front of the net, it is to reduce the shooting area, cut down the angle of the shooter or to make the offensive players release their shot earlier than they would like to.

5) Who gets credited with an assist?

The last players (no more than two) who touch the puck before a goal is scored are awarded points.

For example, if player A passed to player B, who then passed to player C who went on to score a goal, both players A and B would get assists.

6) Why doesn't the referee stop fights?

It is the referee’s job to watch what is going on and determine who should be penalised. The referee has control of the game.

Also, it is quite hazardous being close to a fight and referees must protect themselves from injury.

7) What is a power play?

A power play occurs after a penalty when a player goes into the penalty box, leaving one team short-handed; thus giving the full opposition team a ‘power play’.

8) What is a hockey stick made from?

Hockey sticks are usually made from wood, generally northern white ash or rock elm.

Carbon fibre, fibreglass and Kevlar are some of the other materials used. Some are one piece; others have removable blades.

9) How thick is the ice?

The ice is approximately 3/4″ thick and is usually kept at 16 degrees for the correct hardness for ice hockey; the thicker the ice, the softer and slower it is to play on.

10) How are the markings put on the ice?

The ice is built up by spraying water over the concrete base where the freezing pipes are embedded, then the markings are painted (usually using stencils) onto the ice. More water is then sprayed over the top until the right thickness is reached.

11) Why is the Zamboni so called?

The Zamboni is so called because it was first developed by Frank Zamboni in 1949, though nowadays the term is used as a generic term for an ice resurfacing vehicle.

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